grate

grate
grate
grate1 [grāt]
vt.
grated, grating [ME graten < OFr grater (Fr gratter) < Frank * kratton, akin to OHG chrazzōn (Ger kratzen), to scratch < IE base * gred- > Alb gërrusë, scraper]
1. to grind into shreds or particles by rubbing or scraping
2. to rub against (an object) with a harsh, scraping sound
3. to grind (the teeth) together with a rasping sound
4. to irritate; annoy; fret
vi.
1. to grind or rub with a harsh scraping or rasping sound
2. to make a harsh or rasping sound
3. to have an irritating or annoying effect
grate2 [grāt]
n.
[ME, trellis, lattice < ML grata, crata < L cratis, a hurdle, CRATE]
1. GRATING1 (sense 1)
2. a frame of metal bars for holding fuel in a fireplace, stove, or furnace
3. a fireplace
4. Mining a screen for grading ores
vt.
grated, grating
to provide with a grate

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • Gräte — Gräte …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Grate — Grate, n. [LL. grata, fr. L. crates hurdle; or It. grata, of the same origin. Sae Crate, Hurdle.] 1. A structure or frame containing parallel or crosed bars, with interstices; a kind of latticework, such as is used ia the windows of prisons and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Grate — Grate, v. t. [OF grater to scrape, scratch, F. gratter, LL. gratare, cratare; of German origin; cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n G. kratzen, D. krassen, Sw. Kratta, and perh. E. scratch.] 1. To rub roughly or harshly, as one body against another, causing a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grate — ‘framework for holding burning fuel’ [14] and grate ‘rub’ [15] are different words. The former comes via Old French grate ‘grille’ and Vulgar Latin *grāta from Latin crātis ‘wickerwork, hurdle’. Grate ‘rub’ is ultimately Germanic (its ultimate… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • grate — ‘framework for holding burning fuel’ [14] and grate ‘rub’ [15] are different words. The former comes via Old French grate ‘grille’ and Vulgar Latin *grāta from Latin crātis ‘wickerwork, hurdle’. Grate ‘rub’ is ultimately Germanic (its ultimate… …   Word origins

  • Grate — Grate, v. i. 1. To make a harsh sound by friction. [1913 Webster] I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned, Or a dry wheel grate on the exletree. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To produce the effect of rubbing with a hard rough material; to cause… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Grate — Grate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Grated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Grating}.] To furnish with grates; to protect with a grating or crossbars; as, to grate a window. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gräte — Gräte: Die nhd. Form geht zurück auf gleichbed. mhd. græ̅te. Dieses Femininum entstand, indem aus mhd. græ̅te, dem Plural von maskulin mhd. grāt »Bergrücken; Rückgrat; Gräte; Spitze, Stachel; Ährenborste« (vgl. ↑ Grat), eine neue Einzahl… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • grate — Ⅰ. grate [1] ► VERB 1) reduce (food) to small shreds by rubbing it on a grater. 2) make an unpleasant rasping sound. 3) (often grate on) have an irritating effect. ORIGIN Old French grater. Ⅱ …   English terms dictionary

  • Grate — Grate, a. [L. gratus agreeable, grateful: cf. It. & Sp. grato. See Grace, and cf. Agree.] Serving to gratify; agreeable. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grate — [v1] shred, grind down abrade, bark, bray, file, fray, gall, mince, pound, pulverize, rasp, raze, rub, scrape, scratch, scuff, skin, triturate; concepts 186,215 grate [v2] irritate aggravate, annoy, burn, chafe, exasperate, fret, gall, get on… …   New thesaurus

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